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Information on marine resources in Yangjiang, Guangdong
作者:Administrator    发布于:2018-08-23 16:24:02    文字:【】【】【

Marine fishery resources in Yangjiang

Yangjiang City is located in the southwest coast of Guangdong Province, rich in marine fishery resources, is a big fishery city in Guangdong, known as the "Guangdong Fish Storehouse". The total volume of aquatic products in Yangjiang has been ranking the highest in the province for many years. In 2017, the total output of the city's aquatic products reached 1.36 million tons, with an output value of 18.4 billion yuan, including 386,000 tons of marine fishing, 788,000 tons of marine aquaculture and 123,000 tons of freshwater aquaculture. It has seven fishing ports, such as Zhapo, Dongping, Shagri, Xitou, Hebei, the other bank and Jiangcheng. It is one of the prefecture-level cities with the largest number of national fishing ports in China. Zha Po and Dongping are state-level central fishing ports, and the Sha Po fishing port is a national fishing port. Yangjiang City and Yangxi County were awarded "China Oyster Capital" and "China Oyster Township" respectively. Hailing Island was awarded the first batch of "National Ocean Park". Our city has superior conditions and broad prospects for developing marine industry.

1. Marine fishery resources are abundant. Our city's coastline is long, the total length of the city's islands coastline 458.6 km, of which the mainland coastline 323.5 km, the island coastline 135.1 km, the area of more than 500 square islands have 40, the coastline and the mainland coastline are second and third in the province respectively. The sea area is about 12,300 square kilometers. The area of the 20-meter contour is 1,624 square kilometers of shallow shallow sea and beach. The area of the 10-meter contour is 620 square kilometers of shallow shallow sea and the area of the beach is 131 square kilometers. Rivers criss-crossing, mainly into the sea five rivers, coastal ecological environment is extremely diverse, mangrove forests in the area of about 1,000 hectares, is an ideal place for fish, shrimp and crab breeding and growth. There are 105 species of seawater fish with economic value, and more than 20 species can be developed for breeding. Inland freshwater resources are abundant and can be developed for aquaculture waters of about 200 square kilometers.

2, aquaculture formed a base. The city's aquaculture area is 40,300 hectares, of which the total area of aquaculture is 24,800 hectares, and the output of aquaculture is 788,000 tons. The city has formed a new pattern of diversified aquaculture in which shrimp, oysters, clams, clams and seawater fish are the main aquaculture species, and aquaculture, multiplication and conservation coexist. The water surface, water body and seabed coastal zone are gradually developed and utilized. A number of marine aquaculture bases have been built, including the famous Hailing Bay shallow-water pile-hanged oyster base, sluice slope marine fish cage breeding base, Jiangcheng mud clam breeding base, Jiangcheng, Yangxi, Yangdong shrimp breeding base, etc., and Qingzhou deep-water cage base in Yangxi, Yangjiang large-scale anti-wind and wave base in Yangjiang. The deep water net cage Industrial Park has been put into operation. The main types of cage culture are grouper, porgy, cobia, American red fish, etc. Oyster culture area of 5,985 hectares, output of 419,300 tons, Hailing Bay Oyster Pile Hanging Base area of 3,517 hectares, output of 1973,000 tons, is the largest oyster culture base in the country; Marine shrimp culture area of 81,185 hectares. 38 hectares, output of 93 thousand tons; sea water cage culture 484 thousand square meters, output 52 thousand and 900 tons. The development of deep-water cage aquaculture has achieved initial results, pushing forward the direction of the traditional aquaculture towards deep blue. At present, the city has built two deep-water cage industrial parks, Qingzhou and Dahuang, with a total of 176 deep-water cages, with an annual output value exceeding 100 million yuan.

The city has built 42 large-scale aquatic seed farms, including three provincial seed farms, Yangchun City aquatic seed production 298 billion tail, accounting for one third of the province, has become an important aquatic seed production base in our province.

The city's freshwater aquaculture area is 154,000 hectares, and the freshwater aquaculture output is 123,000 tons. The main varieties are tilapia, eel, carp, bighead carp, silver carp, Thai mud, mullet, osmanthus, Chinese soft shelled turtle, eel, raw fish, seven-star fish, marsh shrimp and so on.

3, the marine fishing capacity is leading in the whole province. At present, the city has 5449 marine motor fishing vessels with a total tonnage of 2268,000 tons and a power of 4389,000 kilowatts. All kinds of fishing operations are complete. At present, 627 energy-saving steel fishing vessels with a power of 181,000 kW and high-power (power over 147 kW) fishing vessels have widely used the advanced triple-in-one navigation aids of global satellite navigation for chart fishing. The output of marine fishing is 386 thousand tons, ranking first in the province.

The main species of marine fishing are hairtail, mackerel, eel, pomfret, mackerel, Blue Garden fish, ginseng, sole, sea bream, goldthread, yellow croaker, horseshoe, squid, shrimp, crab, shellfish (including cuttlefish), etc.

4, aquatic products processing and circulation have great potential for development. There are 38 processing enterprises in our city, with a processing capacity of 290 thousand tons / year. The city's entry-exit inspection and Quarantine Bureau approved and certified by the Guangdong Province of aquatic products export raw materials for the record of 41 sites, an area of 5139.7 hectares. Yangjiang Yongxing aquaculture farm has an area of more than 400 hectares and an output value of about 100 million yuan. It is the only aquaculture enterprise in Western Guangdong Province that has obtained the qualification of registered aquatic animal breeding enterprise for Hong Kong and Macao in Guangdong Province. The "Pinghai" brand fish balls of Yangjiang Pinghai Products Co., Ltd. have been awarded as a famous brand product of Guangdong Province. It has 10 famous brand products in Guangdong province.

The city has set up 11 fishery associations and 46 fishermen's professional cooperatives. The aquatic products circulation and Processing Association of Yangjiang was established in December 2007, with more than 50 members. At present, there are 1 state-level aquatic product processing enterprises in our city, 4 at the provincial level and 9 in the municipal level. The city has formed a new pattern of shrimp, tilapia, eel, sea fish, squid and other aquatic products exporting in a variety of processing, ice-fresh, fresh and diversified ways. It has become an important aquatic products processing and exporting base in Guangdong Province and a demonstration base for foreign trade transformation and upgrading. We have built specialized markets for aquatic products from 6 fishing ports, namely, slop, sand, Dongping, Jiangcheng, and the other side.

Yangjiang's marine industry has laid a solid foundation for development and relatively perfect conditions for redevelopment, showing a new pattern of marine industry development with a wide range of categories, a high starting point, a strong momentum, strong stamina and a good prospect. We encourage the development of deep-sea seafood processing and the development of coastal tourism and port industries.

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